Michann Largent -- He has fair skin, brown eyes, and black hair buzzed short. A tattoo on his right shoulder has a conglomeration of theatrical masks and other motifs. He is a centaur with the lower body of a dark bay quarter horse stallion; the sooty modifier creates the faint dapples. Michann grew up in Oklahoma. He is 17 years old at the time of rescue. He was 13 when he was taken from a camp for teens with sensory issues. He has always gravitated toward strong sensations, but now finds it difficult to feel his body clearly, which increases the sensory-seeking behaviors. Michann enjoys hiking and exploring new places, but doesn't always think about proper precautions first. He is a theater fan too.
Origin: Mad science torture. Carl Bernhardt cut him in half and spliced his upper body to the lower body of a dark bay quarter horse stallion.
Uniform: None in captivity. He is kept nude.
Qualities: Good (+2) Adventurous, Good (+2) Honest, Good (+2) Naturalistic Intelligence, Good (+2) Theater Fan
Poor (-2) Reckless
Powers: Good (+2) Centaur, Good (+2) Super-Constitution
Compared to ordinary humans or horses, centaurs have enhanced strength, speed, and stamina although not necessarily in super range. Generally, if a centaur and someone else have the same rank, the centaur is more powerful; if the other person has one rank higher, they're closer to equal. Most of the surviving centaurs have an additional superpower which helped them to withstand the trauma of their creation. The more common ones include Healing, Regeneration, Toughness, Super-Constitution, and Super-Immunity. Some of them also have Super-Strength or Super-Speed, and they are stronger or faster than other centaurs.
Vulnerability: Sensory Processing Disorder.
Due to Carl Bernhardt's erratic practices, centaurs also tend to have physical problems. In Michann's case, the splicing process left him somewhat detatched from his body, so that it's difficult for him to feel things. This has increased his tendency toward sensory-seeking.
Motivation: To protect his herd.
Sensory Processing Disorder can lead to sensory-seeking when the nervous system is under-responsive. Sensory integration techniques such as dry brushing or traction and compression can help.
John-Morgan Jones -- He has fair skin, brown eyes, and black hair buzzed short. He is strong and sturdy. John-Morgan lives just outside of River City, Missouri. He works as a farrier and knows how to handle horses with special needs -- including animal soups and primal soups. He is good at listening and thinking outside the box, which helps him find solutions to unusual problems. He learns best by doing, and struggles with book-learning of any kind.
As a teen, John-Morgan barely scraped through high school, and after that he worked for a local farrier for a year. His boss then paid for him to attend the Farrier Blacksmith Course at the Heartland Horseshoeing School. After another year of practical work, John-Morgan applied for a scholarship and took the Journeyman Farrier Course. He then set up his own business. People quickly learned to appreciate his creative approach to solving problems as well as his calm, gentle manner. When super clients reached to him, he was startled, but he didn't turn them away.
Qualities: Master (+6) Compassion, Expert (+4) Farrier, Expert (+4) Listener, Good (+2) Strength, Good (+2) Thinking Outside the Box
Poor (-2) Book-Learning
Read about the courses offered at the Heartland Horseshoeing School. The Journeyman Farrier Course includes material from the Advanced Farrier Course and the Practical Farrier Course in more depth.
John-Morgan's farrier truck includes a portable forge, anvil, and other tools.
* * *
“7 Effective Ways to Make Others Feel Important
1. Use their name.
2. Express sincere gratitude.
3. Do more listening than talking.
4. Talk more about them than about you.
5. Be authentically interested.
6. Be sincere in your praise.
7. Show you care.”
― Roy T. Bennett, The Light in the Heart
“All battles are fought by scared men who’d rather be some place else.”
– John Wayne
People argue over whether horses should wear shoes or go barefoot. The answer depends a lot on the individual horse, terrain, and activities. Some feet need more protection, and some terrain is hell on hooves. Either too much or too little activity can lead to unhealthy hooves. Take a close look at hoof shape. The centaurs featured here have many different hoof types due to different breeds and other factors.
Strengthening hooves can be done with exercise, turpentine, tea tree oil, pine tar, iodine, or commercial products.
“In my part of the country, every hoof is packed with Alabama clay, and that’s a good thing,” says Miller. “Without that packing, the hoof wall is holding the majority of the horse’s weight, which is stressful. Ideally, the foot forms a composite weight-bearing structure with the soil to share the load. If you’re stabling on mats, put in a layer of gravel or a lot of bedding to give the horse something resilient to stand on and pack in the foot. A great combination for stable flooring would be gravel, dirt and shavings to keep it all dry.”
-- Managing Horses for Stronger Hooves
Missouri has many types of clay, especially along watercourses. Heavily used in cosmetics and topical treatments, clay has many benefits. Horses turned out where they can walk in clay will pack their hooves with it, providing support. While standing in soggy ground can soften hooves too much, very dry ground can make them brittle. Having a patch of wet clay to walk into and out of helps develop resilient hooves.
Tire sandals can be made in various ways. Huaraches are held on with string. The samburu style uses straps. Nylon straps come in many colors and would work fine with tire soles.
Horseshoe pads add an extra cushion for comfort with sensitive and/or fragile hooves.
Nonmetal horseshoes come in many types. Glue-on shoes stick to the hooves and stay on about as long as traditional shoes.
Some time ago, I read about a method for creating horseshoes using glue and a granular substance such as rubber crumbs. This works great for filling in uneven hooves, for horses that won't tolerate hammering on their feet, and for traction. It's not as durable as most other types of horseshoe but it is quick, easy, and cheap. Sadly I couldn't find an online reference, so here's how it works:
1) Clean the hoof and, if desired, trim it.
2) Coat the bottom rim of the hoof with shoeing glue. If you want a "slipper" effect you can paint up the outside a little bit.
3) Place a shallow tray of rubber crumbs on the ground and press the wet hoof into it. A layer of crumbs will adhere to the hoof.
4) Lift the hoof, remove the tray, and place a thick piece of paper on the ground. Press the hoof firmly against the paper for a minute or so until the glue dries to create a relatively smooth sole.
Rubber crumbs come in many colors (solid or mixed) and sizes. Smaller crumbs create a smoother surface, while larger ones give more textured traction. These are often made from recycled tires or other material, then dyed.
Winter boots protect from snow and ice.
Simple polyurethane shoes are cheap and effective.
Toe boots such as the Delta only cover the hoof and do not have a joint.
Ankle boots such as the Viper reach just above the hoof and include a joint. Note that in Terramagne the Vipers also come in white for horses that have socks, in case you want to match the natural color. On Arun's colored feet, the Arizona Copper makes a good match for his palomino coat.
Plastic slippers glue onto the rim of the hoof underneath, with flaps that fold over the toe.
Leather horse boots look much like ordinary shoes.
Horse sneakers come in red, white, and blue (Charli and Kim Van), metallic rainbow (Kim Van), and various other styles. These sandals for Charli fasten with velcro straps and have rhinestones on the toes.
Rubber horse boots like Protecto serve as galoshes to keep off rain or mud.
Some soaking boots such as this style are sturdy enough to work as snow boots.
Shipping boots primarily protect a horse's legs. In combination with other shoes or hoof boots they offer a lot of protection.
These cowboy booties work as house shoes for hooves. Stocking booties offer another way to protect floors from hooves.
Jelly shoes are made of flexible PVC plastic, pretty but not very fancy.
Clay takes very precise impressions like these knuckle prints. Here you can see hoofprints in wet clay. Dry or fire the clay, and it makes a keepsake. Learn how to do footprint casting. A footprint casting tray helps.
John-Morgan's tablet computer has a rugged protective case.
Hot shoeing vs. cold shoeing is another horse care debate, along with how often to schedule a farrier.
In horseshoeing, a "hot nail" goes too deep and irritates sensitive tissue. This is most often noticed a few days after shoeing when the horse suddenly goes lame because the hole gets infected. However, alert farriers can spot the problem right up front if a calm horse suddenly flinches; it's best to pull that last nail immediately and take proactive steps to prevent problems. An advantage to shoeing a sentient client is that he can simply tell you if anything hurts -- assuming he's being honest. Communication is key to good service.
Zebras have not been domesticated for various reasons. One is their unpleasant tendency to bite and not let go.
Compare healthy and unhealthy horse hooves. Pathology of hooves includes problems like thin soles, soft hooves, brittle hooves, hoof cracks, and chipped hooves. Some like Michann have circumstantial problems due to bad care, which will improve greatly in a more appropriate environment. Others like Arun have innate problems due to genetics, which cannot really be fixed but can be ameliorated with proper care and shoes. Here are some general tips on hoof care.
Domestic pastures provide little wear on hooves. Natural hoof care for horses includes giving them a variety of footing to encourage strong hooves. For goats, giving them sandstone boulders or concrete blocks to climb will help provide proper wear on the hooves. These steps minimize or eliminate the need for trimming.
Paddock Paradise is a principle for giving domestic horses a more natural environment that encourages them to move around their home. This sitemap shows the features. Enjoy a video of one example.
A sensory trail offers many different textures to walk over such as cobblestones, gravel, dirt, and wood chips.
Warming up: Warming up is essential for getting the best performance and for reducing the chance of injuries. (10-15 minute walk or trot)
Stretching and/or suppling exercises: (5-10 minutes)
The Workout Exercise Routine: Horses that are pastured and free to move around most or all of the day will benefit from a 15 to 20 minute workout each day.
The way you approach cooling down your horse will depend on the weather and other environmental conditions. Following the workout, a period of relaxed walking will help the horse adjust to lowered activity.
-- Daily Workout
All horses move naturally with four basic gaits: the four-beat walk, which averages 6.4 kilometres per hour (4.0 mph); the two-beat trot or jog, which averages 13 to 19 kilometres per hour (8.1 to 12 mph) (faster for harness racing horses); and the leaping gaits known as the canter or lope (a three-beat gait that is 19 to 24 kilometres per hour (12 to 15 mph), and the gallop. The gallop averages 40 to 48 kilometres per hour (25 to 30 mph). The world record for a horse galloping over a short, sprint distance is 88 kilometres per hour (55 mph).
-- Horse Speed