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The Wordsmith's Forge
The Writing & Other Projects of Elizabeth Barrette
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Content notes for "Made for Togetherness"
These are the content notes for "Made for Togetherness."


"We are made for goodness. We are made for love. We are made for friendliness. We are made for togetherness. We are made for all of the beautiful things that you and I know. We are made to tell the world that there are no outsiders. All are welcome: black, white, red, yellow, rich, poor, educated, not educated, male, female, gay, straight, all, all, all. We all belong to this family, this human family, God's family."
-- Desmond Tutu

Desmond Mpilo Tutu OMSG CH GCStJ (born 7 October 1931) is a South African Anglican cleric and theologian known for his work as an anti-apartheid and human rights activist. He was the Bishop of Johannesburg from 1985 to 1986 and then the Archbishop of Cape Town from 1986 to 1996, in both cases being the first black African to hold the position. Theologically, he sought to fuse ideas from black theology with African theology; politically, he identifies as a socialist.

Aspects of teaching featured here include project-based learning, game-based learning, and manipulatives. Genna just took 10 minutes to sketch out the bones of a tremendously fun and flexible puzzle game for learning all kinds of things, starting with math.

Game design is the art and science of creating rule-based entertainment. Game mechanics is about the rules and tools themselves. This ad hoc version relies primarily on movement and resources management: that is, move supplies from a starting location to the other locations, working around limitations of size and speed. To turn this into more of a game than a puzzle, add other mechanics such as dice for random factors and risk-reward dilemmas. Frex, rolling dice for wind strength would be a great way to balance the dhoni against the cargo boat, because only the dhoni relies on wind.

Just in case anyone wants a new hobby:
https://gamedevelopment.tutsplus.com/articles/how-to-learn-board-game-design-and-development--gamedev-11607
https://stonemaiergames.com/kickstarter/how-to-design-a-tabletop-game/
https://brandonthegamedev.com/start-to-finish-publish-and-sell-your-first-board-game/
http://www.gamesprecipice.com/table-of-contents/
https://www.instructables.com/id/Build-your-Own-Board-Game/
https://www.wikihow.com/Design-a-Board-Game
http://www.leagueofgamemakers.com/probability-for-game-designers/
http://www.leagueofgamemakers.com/stealthy-math/

Seafood is halal. It is also a mainstay of Maldivian cuisine.

Insha Allah is an Islamic phrase that appears in various spellings and uses. The literal meaning is "If God wills it so." Usually Muslims use it to qualify plans, promises, or statements regarding the future. T-Maldives also uses it for other indeterminate things, which are known to God and will be revealed to others if God wills it so. As a cultural expression, it reminds people to relax and be flexible, not try to overcontrol things.

Listening is essential to happiness and success. A good listener displays key qualities and skills. Know how to recognize a good listener and develop your own listening skills.

Al-Hayy -- the Eternally Living One

Abd-Hayy -- an Islamic term for someone with Extended Lifespan or Immortality. It means Servant of the Eternally Living One. The implication is that, as humans are reflections of Allah and His virtues, some are reflecting this aspect of His timeless existence.

The Maldives has a whole bunch of words for different types of school, and I collected some interesting references about them.

Traditionally children aged three and up in the Maldives were educated in traditional schools known as "edhurge", generally using a single large room or the shelter of tree. The children learn simple arithmetic, Dhivehi and some Arabic, and practice reciting the Qur'an. These private schools no longer exist, as western style schools replaced them in the 1980s-1990s
-- Education in the Maldives

Maldives Schools are categorized into three types and they are namely English language primary and secondary schools.

The primary Maldives education comprises of class one to five and the age of the enrolling children usually varies from six to ten years. Secondary education is further divided from class six to ten and higher education constitutes class eleven and twelve. A survey of Maldives Schools in 1992 showed that the total number of pupils in Maldives was 73,642 and the number of government and private schools were 32,475 and 41,167 respectively.

Initially the traditional education was imparted by the religious leaders in Maldives. Such schools were known as "edhuruge" and they basically followed the patterns of Quaranic schools. The Primary schools in Maldives are also known as "madhrasaa".

-- Maldives School

HISTORICAL REVIEW OF EDUCATION IN THE MALDIVES The system of education prevailing in the Maldives today has its roots in a traditional system of schooling that has existed for hundreds of years. These traditional schools, known as edhuruge, makthab or madhrasa, are privately owned or operated by the island communities and are usually self-financing. The edhuruge is a gathering of children in a private home with the objective of teaching them to read the Quran, to read and write Dhivehi, the mother tongue of Maldivians, and to provide some rudiments of arithmetic. The edhuruge is more formal and offers almost the same curriculum, while in the madhrasa the curriculum is more far-ranging. These schools have contributed towards achieving many educational objectives, including a high rate of literacy and the preservation of national culture and tradition (Ministry of Education, 1992). However, the present system of education is the result of a merger between the traditional system of schooling and a Western style of schooling introduced since 1960. The Western style of schooling was introduced in English-medium schools in the capital Malé as part of a conscious effort to prepare individuals for training that they would receive overseas in order to meet the increasing developmental needs of the country. Thus, the beginning of a public school system was patterned after the British system in terms of organization of curriculum and methods of instruction.
-- Maldives Education Policies

In Maldives, education has had a long history starting with the traditional, home-based teaching of Dhivehi, the Arabic script, and the Holy Quran in home-based centers known as the edhuruge or kiyavaage. Since the early part of the twentieth century, government schools for boys and later for girls were created in Male and by mid-century in each inhabited atoll. These schools, called maktabs maintained the traditional curriculum along with mathematics. In the 1960s the introduction of English medium schools by the government had the effect of relegating traditional education to a second-class status. Since 1978, the government has pursued a unified education policy by establishing two government schools, Atoll Education Centers and an Atoll School in each atoll and a policy of equitable distribution of facilities and funds to them. These schools are also unified by a common curriculum for grades 1 to 7, in keeping with the national priority of providing universal basic education (defined as grades 1 to 7). The curriculum covers Dhivehi, mathematics, environmental studies, Islam, English, fine arts, physical education, handwriting, and study of the Quran. The school year runs from February through December and the net enrollment ratio in basic education is reported to be 95 percent. Literacy figures are reported to be over 98 percent and gender parity for basic education at 49 percent for females and 51 percent for males.
-- Maldives Educational System Overview

The kiyavaage is the name given to a private home where children gather with the objective of learning to read the Holy Kuran and to read and write Dhivehi. A makthab is a separate building where they extend their studies of Islam and of the Holy Kuran into their teens.
-- Maldives: The Bradt Travel Guide

In T-Maldives, these borrowed terms refer to general educational concepts rather than a specific type:

iskoalu (noun) school
klass (noun) class (as in school)
-- Maldives Dictionary

In T-Maldives, edhuruge refers to a traditional Islamic school. It teaches students to read the Quran, to read and write Arabic and Dhivehi, and basic math. It has one room and/or an outdoor classroom, separate from private homes. Girls and boys are taught separately, either in different places or at different times. Families more interested in religion than in higher education may choose this traditional option. These schools follow an Islamic calendar, with some variation. Some use Ramadan (which moves) as their time off because fasting makes it harder to concentrate. Others always want more religious study during Ramadan and set their break immediately after it.

In T-Maldives, kiyavaage refers to a private home where children gather to learn. Students of all ages and genders study together, often alternating between individual and group lessons. Originally, this was a version of edhuruge, focusing on the Quran, Arabic, and Dhivehi; now it offers the widest range of subjects and languages, because students and teachers can choose their own materials. In modern times it has come to mean a homeschool that welcomes children from multiple families. This includes distance education because not every individual or even family owns a computer, so children gather in a house that has some for everyone to use. The same term often applies to unschooling and other alternatives, simply because they don't use a separate school building. Almost all of these stay open year-round, but some variation exists because they are private activities.

In T-Maldives, madharusaa refers to an island school that teaches a wide range of subjects. It covers Arabic and Dhivehi, sometimes English. Girls and boys may be taught separately or together. It can be either a private school that charges a fee, or one hosted by the local government and thus free to residents. This is similar to the national schools, but primarily used on islands too small for a conventional school that divides students into classes. Like other traditional styles, it usually has one room and/or an outdoor classroom, separate from private homes. This option appeals to families who want a comprehensive education useful in the local market, rather than higher education. These have the widest variation in schedule: some follow the national February-December one, some use semesters (2-4 with breaks), some have a longer vacation like American or European schools (with or without semesters), and some run all the time. Locals decide what works for them.

madharusaa (n.) school
-- Maldives Dictionary

In T-Maldives, makthab refers to a public school which teaches the national curriculum, free to citizens. These larger schools divide students into classes by age, but not by sex/gender. They teach mathematics, environmental studies, Islam and the Quran, fine arts, physical education, handwriting, and other subjects. Languages include Arabic, Dhivehi, and English; sometimes students may choose from other foreign languages. One makthab typically serves a whole atoll, based in its largest town. This limits accessibility for people in other towns. Not everyone wants -- or can afford travel fees -- to send their children to another island every schoolday. However, this offers the best preparation for college, especially overseas. The school year runs from February through December.

Maldivian architecture has deep roots and diverse styles. Some very popular branches are:
* Crisp white buildings with modern furnishings that evoke airy island spaces and sugar-sand beaches.
* Rustic buildings of wood and bamboo with thatched roofs that blend right into the jungle.
* Cultural motifs like the green of Islam and the red/green of the Maldivian flag, or native crafts.

Green space is critical to healthy municipalities. It offers many benefits. However, it can conflict with housing needs. While Maldivians understand that Malé is necessary, they don't like the look and feel of islands covered completely by cities. So as they adapt former resorts to residential space, they look for ways to preserve as much natural beauty as possible while increasing residential units. The deepest need is for family home, because most resort units were built for 1-2 people, with the vast majority having either efficiency or 1-bedroom floor plans.

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