(These links are graphic and awful.)
Whales hit by boats sometimes survive, and other times die. This account features a humpback calf. A chart shows the most common location of injuries. At least 1 in 10 humpbacks have been injured by boats.
Whale encounter – there seems to be an increasing number of collisions with whales as yachts get faster
In 2009 the 40ft J/120 J/World was sailing in the Baja Ha-Ha Cruising Rally from California to Mexico at about nine knots when a crewmember spotted a humpback whale (Megoptera novaeangliae) 60m to port. A second whale was spotted to starboard. Another two whales were seen 15m ahead, but before any diversionary action could be taken, J/World struck a whale with the keel. It felt as though the vessel had run aground. Her propeller hit the animal and blood was seen.
The owner believed the whale then struck the vessel with its tail, jamming the rudder post up and aft, holing the transom. The vessel sank within 45 minutes. The crew took to the liferaft and were rescued by the USCG. There is no information about the whale.
This whale has fresh parallel gashes on the back. These pictures show the same whale before and after a severe dorsal fin injury. A dorsal fin can be slashed in ribbons by a boat's propeller.
A distinctive feature of cetacean anatomy is that they have arteries surrounded by a ring of veins to conserve heat. This cross-section of an orca fin shows the structure. It complicates their medical care.
(These links are sad.)
Losing a parent is the worst thing that can happen to a child. The trauma tends to be less damaging if another adult immediately takes over as permanent caregiver, permitting new bonds to form. Know how to help children cope with the loss.
(These links are touchy.)
The core of trauma-informed care is asking "What happened to you?" instead of "What is wrong with you?" This forms the basis of the principles and practices. There are instructions for supporting trauma survivors and working through your own trauma. First responders typically have workplace procedures to minimize the risk of developing PTSD.
(So are these.)
A gentle and attentive patient interview can help reduce medical trauma in children. Local-America has rates of medical PTSD as high as 77% in some categories. Compare this to rates of 12-20% for war veterans. People make think of hospitals as "safe" but they do more psychological damage than war zones. It turns out that the sense of helplessness, more than the objective level of danger or injury, causes traumatic stress. For this reason, caregivers in Terramagne focus on minimizing helplessness and stress as avidly as they work to prevent infection. It does little good to save a patient only to have them die of traumatic stress a few months later. Trauma can impair decision-making ability, but a compassionate and logical approach can assist injured people in reaching a state where they can consent to care. The fact that adults can force care on children, or on other adults whose consent is irrelevant, does not reduce the damage caused by that force. Obtaining consent leads to better outcomes.
Occasionally a whale adopts an orphaned calf. They may be raised by breastfeeding or bottle feeding. Whale milk may be simulated by a blend of other mammal milk, fish oil, ground fish, and heavy cream.
Various devices exist for hands-free bottle feeding of human infants. Wetsuit material can be used to make many things for aquatic use, and it would not be difficult to make a vest for a whale.
Human bonding is what forms relationships. Among animal bonding, whales have a complex social structure. These bonds can cross species. In one notable case, a pod of belugas adopted a narwhal. Orphaned and adopted children benefit from extra attention to bonding activities.
(These links are awful.)
Vessel strikes pose a threat to humans and other species. Audible alarms, engine shut-offs, and other tools minimize the risks. Here are some prevention methods for humans.
Marine mammal injuries can be severe but difficult to categorize. Terramagne marine biologists have developed a three-part system for categorizing injuries. Minor injuries are expected to heal with no permanent damage. Even multiple deep slashes to the back that leave awful scars are survivable and have little if any impact on activity. Moderate injuries are likely to heal but leave permanent damage; they can kill a young or otherwise weaker victim. Slashing wounds to fins or flippers can impair swimming, and cuts near an eye can cause blindness. Serious injuries cripple or kill. Severed tails are an example of a survivable serious injury.
(These links are sad.)
Traumatic grief can mesh with PTSD, manifesting in symptoms like intrusive images, physical pain, and nausea. Know how to handle traumatic grief.
PTSD is contagious, although not officially recognized as such in L-America. Therapists can catch it from their clients. Obviously, the risk of picking up client trauma is higher with a telepathic client. Dr. G knows how to handle trauma, but no matter how good your skills, there's always something that can exceed them. Learn how to prevent secondary trauma.
Some people like to talk about how they feel, while others find it difficult. Talking can make some people feel worse instead of better. Expressive therapies such as art or dance can process emotions without having to put them into words. A therapist skilled in nonanxious presence also helps.
Mindfulness and breathing soothe stress. Explore the goals and benefits of mindful breathing. There are exercises designed for calm, relaxation, grief, and panic attacks.
This picture shows California wildflowers in Merced National Wildlife Refuge. These include Fremont's tidy-tips (yellow flowers with white tips), blow wives (small white puffs), denseflower Indian paintbrush (purple balls), bird's eyes (pale blue dots), and California poppies (yellow swath). Wildflowers often bank seeds underground, then burst into spectacular flower after a big rain.
The Maldives has many beautiful reefs, like this picture of reef fish.
Muslim prayer times are spaced throughout the day. Islamic nations or establishments often provide a signal to notify people of the turnover times. In T-Maldives, the signals tend to be audible yet discreet in most places, but the mosques still use the adhan or verbal call to prayer. T-Maldivian custom uses the line "Prayer is better than sleep" at Fajr (the dawn prayer) and "The time for the best of deeds has come" for subsequent prayers. "Prayer is better than sleep" is also the most popular verbal phrase used in alarm clocks or apps. If not occupied with business too urgent to set aside, most Muslims prefer to pray as soon as possible after the turnover time, unless delayed for excusable reasons. Read about teaching proper prayer habits to Muslim children.