"A bad earthquake at once destroys the oldest associations: the world, the very emblem of all that is solid, has moved beneath our feet like a crust over a fluid; one second of time has conveyed to the mind a strange idea of insecurity, which hours of reflection would never have created."
— Charles Darwin
Journal of Researches: Into the Natural History and Geology of the Countries Visited During the Voyage of H.M.S. BeagIe Round the World (1839), ch. XVI, 369.
The Big One hits on Saturday, May 28, 2016 which belongs to Memorial Day weekend.
Volunteering is all well and good, so long as the participants are in fact willing. If they are not willing, it is not volunteering. Mandatory service is not volunteering, but forced labor. When you lie to people that this is what volunteering is, then they hate volunteering as well as hating you for the forced labor and wage theft, which damages their perception of service. There are only a few occasions when you should work for free, and otherwise you should refuse. Here are some text and image suggestions on ways to say no.
This relates directly to superpowers. Junket's remark about working for a living parallels something often said in the Army. He is proud of his career and how well he does it, and he resents people trying to mooch. Gifted people often find themselves hounded for assistance without fair recompense, as if their intelligence somehow makes them public property. Many heroes follow the same premise, doing all kinds of work without ever asking for payment. Junket finds this perception offensive at best and abusive at worst. He practices and advocates a fee-for-service model instead. If you want him to teleport you, then you pay him just like you'd pay a helicopter pilot.
After studying the various options, Junket decided to style himself as a personal chauffeur. So he took a comprehensive course in chauffeur skills for 8 weeks, another in personal service and etiquette for 10 weeks, basic first aid, advanced first aid for 40 hours, and emergency management for 16 hours. While chauffeurs who work for a company fleet make little money, those working directly for a rich employer make a great deal more. Teleporters make more than that -- and Junket is the top of the market when it comes to wealthy transportation options. His clients get what they pay for. Chauffeur is among the most practical uses for superpowers.
Subassemblies are sets of parts that are put together, and then combined with other things to make a finished product. This can be an important step in assessing whether a historic building needs an electrical upgrade and preserving historic features.
Enjoy some Peanut Butter Chocolate Chip Protein Cookies.
Earthquakes occur along fault lines. North American faults come in various types. They correspond to different areas of geology, forming a network of cracks that behave according to certain parameters. Humans have unwisely built cities along the San Andreas fault, which runs from just south of Eureka to just north of Brawley.
The Cascadia Subduction Zone is a major part of the Ring of Fire which encircles much of the Pacific Ocean, a loop of terrain prone to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. Because the crust is a jumble of comparatively thin plates rubbing together, and faults can form long branching lines, it is possible for an earthquake in one place to trigger quakes in other places along the line, although scientists have not paid much attention to this. But you can see analogs in any crackle system, such as ice on a lake, where disturbing one part of it can destabilize something quite far away. Since Cascadia is over 315 years into a 234-year cycle, and southern California is over 300 years into a 110-140 year cycle, the whole West Coast is overdue for action. That makes the probability of a megaquake high -- and the longer the pressure builds up before releasing, the worse it tends to get when it does let go. Look at the plates and faults in Cascadia and you can see why this poses such a huge threat.
Earthquake magnitude relates to the seismic waves, measured by science. (The earlier Richter scale has been replaced by the more versatile moment scale.) Earthquake intensity relates to effects, measured by observation of impact on people and structures. During the quake in T-San Bernardino, the magnitude was in the high sevens, probably 7.7 or 7.8. This typically correlates to level X intensity, with buildings damaged or destroyed. More severe quakes tend to last longer, so a quake lasting about a minute is bad.
In theory, scientists can measure the features of a fault line and estimate its maximum magnitude. In practice, sometimes scientists are wrong, often because of variables they simply haven't been able to observe. The San Andreas fault maxes out around 8.3. Model earthquakes predict extensive damage. T-America is somewhat more prepared than L-America, and regularly holds large-scale drills, but there's no getting the damage down to zero. Cascadia is massively worse, with a maximum magnitude around 9 in an earthquake lasting 3-5 minutes, a death toll over 14,000 plus more than 30,000 casualties. That's about 30 times stronger than the San Andreas can muster. Then there's the tsunami, because the Cascadian Subduction Zone is 40-80 miles offshore while the San Andreas is mostly landlocked. About 20 minutes after the earthquake comes the wave. The best way to survive is to avoid the inundation zone, especially at night: visit the beach by day if you wish, but don't live there or even rent a hotel room. T-America has done a better job of discouraging development in the kill zone, but it's not enough even there. Among the few references I've seen about chain reactions is this one featuring the San Andreas and San Jacinto faults. The infrastructure in southern California is designed to withstand one fault breaking, not both at the same time. San Bernardino is near that junction. Quakes can also run deeper than formerly thought. At least California has earthquake safety plans, however insufficient.
I found one person being brutally honest about the threat in Cascadia, which is largely unprepared because the faults there were just discovered (by white people, the local tribes have always known) several decades ago.
"These lax safety policies guarantee that many people inside the inundation zone will not get out. Twenty-two per cent of Oregon’s coastal population is sixty-five or older. Twenty-nine per cent of the state’s population is disabled, and that figure rises in many coastal counties. “We can’t save them,” Kevin Cupples says. “I’m not going to sugarcoat it and say, ‘Oh, yeah, we’ll go around and check on the elderly.’ No. We won’t.” Nor will anyone save the tourists. Washington State Park properties within the inundation zone see an average of seventeen thousand and twenty-nine guests a day. Madin estimates that up to a hundred and fifty thousand people visit Oregon’s beaches on summer weekends. “Most of them won’t have a clue as to how to evacuate,” he says. “And the beaches are the hardest place to evacuate from.”
Brief and complete notes from the Oregon Resilience Plan predict total or near-total devastation in coastal areas, moderate in the valley area, and light in the eastern area. However, plans to reduce vulnerability can cause problems of their own, such as hospital construction. T-America deploys a complex system of community clinics and hospitals to care for lower-level problems across a wide network. This means that they use clinics to cover inundation zones, and place hospitals farther back. Since the clinics are used only for ambulatory patients, and serious cases are transported to hospitals, they provide immediate care for typical complaints without putting a drag on evacuation plans. Similarly there can be community classrooms but not schools, police stations but not whole departments, nap rooms but not hotels, etc. in the inundation zones. Light support covers the short-term essentials on the spot while aiming to keep large, important, full-time facilities in safer territory. Look at a tsunami evacuation map for Gold Beach, Oregon.
Washington is at risk also. Rain City is largely protected from ocean tsunamis, but if the Seattle Fault goes, the effects could be devastating.
The Earthquake Country Alliance offers resources on how to prepare for and survive earthquakes. You should secure objects, make safety plans, stock emergency supplies, and copy important documents. During an earthquake, drop and cover. Afterwards, render aid and work toward recovery.
Choose an out-of-state friend or relative to be your contact person in case of a disaster. Ideally, they should be able to host you if you need a place to stay for a few days or weeks. Most people in T-America have such arrangements, often reciprocal with several friends in different places.
Personal devices can detect ground movement through GPS and motion sensors. L-America is testing the use of cellphones to track earthquakes. There are also apps that alert you to earthquake activity worldwide. T-America has more advanced features, such as manual or automatic timers to measure the duration of a quake. They also have an option to choose manual or automatic transmission of the data to a monitoring station for scientific benefit; T-America protects location as private information, so there has to be a shutoff method for that. In practice, most people in earthquake zones leave their quake apps on automatic. T-American earthquake apps also tend to come with emergency beacon features.
Emergency notification systems aid coordination in times of crisis. Consider selling points and best practices before choosing one. Some can also be used for other communication purposes. Here are some popular emergency notification systems.
M-FYN in T-America is one of several programs designed to identify survivors immediately after a disaster and help them contact friends or family. Registered members can log in from any device to record their status. The original release just offered "I'm fine" but quickly expanded to "I need assistance," "I'm fine," and "I can help." Later upgrades added more options such as "In care," "Missing," and "Confirmed dead." Those account not just for personal updates but also official ones. After logging their basic status, members can add details like their current location and anything they need (e.g. a place to stay, clothes, emergency funds). Members can also link accounts to friends and family in the network, to receive notifications of safety or need after an incident. An array of Mute tools can be set in different ways to account for mass-casualty events, such as turning off alerts about nearby members to avoid getting deluged with messages, or turning them down to just immediate family. The original acronym stands for Massacre-Find Your Name, and is pronounced "I'm fine."
Earthquake-resistant furniture comes in various styles. Obviously T-America has better designs than here, even before you
Bulletproof furniture includes ballistic panels and sometimes storage space. Check out these chairs.
[To be continued ...]